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  • Sponsor Eligibility: To sponsor a spouse or partner, the sponsor must be a Canadian citizen, a permanent resident living in Canada, or a person registered in Canada as an Indian under the Canadian Indian Act.

  • Relationship Requirement: The sponsor must prove a genuine relationship with their spouse or partner, whether married or in a common-law relationship. Evidence may include marriage certificates, joint bank accounts, shared property ownership, and photographs.

  • Financial Obligation: Sponsors must demonstrate the financial ability to support their spouse or partner and any dependent children, either through sufficient income or assets.

Application Process:

Sponsorship Application

The sponsor initiates the process by submitting a sponsorship application to Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).



Inland Sponsorship

If the sponsored spouse or partner is already in Canada with legal status (e.g., visitor, student, worker), they may apply for permanent residence from within Canada.

Map in Grass

Outland Sponsorship

If the sponsored spouse or partner is outside Canada, they may apply for permanent residence through the outland sponsorship stream. This process typically involves applying through the Canadian visa office in their country of residence.



  • Conditional Period: In certain cases, sponsored spouses or partners may be granted conditional permanent residence, which requires them to live with their sponsor for two years from the day they receive their permanent resident status.

  • Exemptions: Conditional permanent residence may be waived in cases of abuse, neglect, or relationship breakdown.


  • Work and Study Rights: Spouses or partners who hold permanent resident status in Canada are entitled to work and study in the country.

  • Access to Benefits: Permanent residents have access to publicly funded healthcare, social services, and other benefits available to Canadian residents.

  • Integration Support: Various organizations and community groups offer support and resources to help newcomers integrate into Canadian society.


  • Family Reunification: Spousal sponsorship enables couples to live together in Canada, promoting family unity and emotional well-being.

  • Cultural Diversity: Immigration through spousal sponsorship contributes to Canada's cultural diversity by bringing individuals from diverse backgrounds and experiences.

  • Economic Contribution: Sponsored spouses or partners often contribute to Canada's economy through employment, entrepreneurship, and other forms of participation in the labor market.


The primary objective of the sponsorship of dependent children, provided under the Family Class sponsorship, is to facilitate the reunion of family members residing in different countries, enabling them to reside together in Canada. Specifically, the program permits Canadian citizens and permanent residents to sponsor their children from overseas to become permanent residents in Canada. Biological or adopted dependent children are eligible for sponsorship to live with their parent(s) as permanent residents in Canada.


To qualify, the sponsor must:

  • Be at least 18 years old.

  • Hold Canadian citizenship, be a permanent resident residing in Canada with the intention of returning, or be registered under the Canadian Indian Act.

  • Demonstrate the ability to meet your own basic needs, as well as those of your dependent children and spouse if applicable.

  • Provide evidence of your relationship with your child.

  • Have no criminal record.

  • Not be incarcerated, facing serious charges, or undergoing bankruptcy proceedings.

  • Not have defaulted on a previous sponsorship agreement.

  • Not be under investigation by immigration authorities.

  • Not be receiving income assistance, except in cases of disability.

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